What is a Keto Diet and How Ketones are Produced?
A Keto or Ketogenic diet primarily consists of high fat, moderate-proteins, and low-carbohydrates. This diet coerces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates.
Ketogenic diet generates body fuelling molecules, which are called ketones. Ketones, also known as “ketone bodies,” are by-products of the body breaking down fat for energy. The liver converts fat into ketones that serve as a source of energy through the body.
What is Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. As the heart pumps the blood through the circulatory system, it provides the body with the required oxygen and energy.
A device called sphygmomanometer measures blood pressure. The blood pressure is measured on two factors, the systole, and the diastole. Systole is the blood pressure when the heart beats and the diastole is the blood pressure when the heart relaxes between beats.
If the blood pressure is too high, it puts strain on your blood vessels, which can cause many health issues, including heart attacks, haemorrhages, or kidney issues.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension can be caused by different lifestyle and diet factors. The most common factors leading to hypertension are the following:
Excessive Amount of Salt
While Sodium is a crucial mineral that the human body requires to function, too much amount can lead to high blood pressure. Sodium intimately works with potassium to balance the fluid and blood volume in the body. The imbalanced ratio of Sodium to Potassium leads to high blood pressure.
Under stress, human’s sympathetic nervous system, which is also known as “fight or flight” response is activated. Stress turns on the sympathetic nervous system, which increases the blood pressure.
High Levels of Insulin
High levels of insulin can increase the reabsorption of Sodium by the kidneys. Insulin can activate the sympathetic nervous system as well, leading to hypertension. Therefore, keeping the insulin levels in control is necessary to manage the blood pressure.
Overconsumption of Fructose
Plain sugars and blood sugar play a crucial role in hypertension. Overconsumption of fructose can lead to high blood pressure in different ways – inducing excess amounts of Sodium and activating the sympathetic nervous system.
Adrenal disorders can cause high blood pressure. Especially, if the adrenals are secreting excessive amounts of the male sex hormone aldosterone, the Sodium/Potassium ratios will be imbalanced, leading to hypertension.
Owing to the nicotine found in most cigarettes, smoking can lead to increased heart rate and high blood pressure. Smoking can also activate the sympathetic nervous system and increased cardiac output, both resulting in hypertension.
Many medications have side effects and increased blood pressure is common among them. Birth control pills, antidiabetic drugs, steroid drugs, and antidepressants can lead to hypertension.
What Happens When You Start a Ketogenic Diet?
Human brain requires a lot of energy to function and fat cannot be utilized as the only energy reserve for bodily and brain functions. The human body only accepts glucose or Ketones as the energy source.
When a person starts a Ketogenic diet, the body switches to the fuel supply deriving from fat. With low insulin levels, the body fat burns quite easily.
Ketogenic diet is advantageous for people with hypertension issues. Obesity is one of the many reasons for high blood pressure. Ketogenic diet is an efficient way to lose bodyweight as compared to a low-fat diet for weight loss.
Is Keto Diet a Possible Way to Lower High Blood Pressure?
Keto diet effectively helps lower high blood pressure in many ways. The low-carb diet reduces blood sugar levels as carbs tend to raise both blood sugar and insulin levels. The diet helps the body from sugar-burning to fat-burning, resulting in enhanced energy.
It also helps reduce the effects of metabolic syndrome, which include high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels.
|| Also Read: The Beginner’s Guide to Indian Keto Diet
Other Health Benefits of Keto Diet
Keto diet sources more calories from fat and protein than from carbs. It effectively burns the body sugar, breaking it down in protein and fat for energy. This process leads to Ketosis and weight loss. The protein-rich diet curbs unnecessary cravings and enhances metabolism as well.
To improve the health of the heart, the Keto diet includes some healthy fats such as coconut or olive oil, avocados, and chicken that help reduce cholesterol levels in the body.
Controls sugar levels
Carbohydrates break down into glucose to become the main energy source in the body. Upon consuming an excessive amount of carbs, the blood sugar levels can increase dramatically. However, switching from carbs to fats for energy can stabilize the blood sugar levels, helping manage diabetes.
Ketones provide the brain with fuel instantly by supplying up to 70% of the energy that the brain requires. This is a more effective source of energy compared to glucose.
As the human brain is made up of 60% fat, it requires a fair amount of good fats for flawless functioning. Full-fat milk, sour cream, avocados, cheese, and chicken are a few good fats included in Ketogenic diet.
High energy levels
The human body can only store a limited amount of glycogen. It requires constant refuelling in order to maintain energy levels. However, this is not the case with fat. A Keto diet provides plenty of fat to draw energy from, keeping the energy levels up.
Lowers high blood pressure
The Keto diet is rich in fat and low in carbs, which can control high blood pressure. Eating healthy fats help maintain the perfect body weight while keeping the blood sugar and blood pressure in check.